Buddhist Councils Table, Mindmap

Buddhist Councils list, Buddhist Councils Table, Buddhist Council UPSC, Buddhist Councils Kashmir, Buddhist Councils IAS

First Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 483 BC

King: Ajatshatru

Venue: Rajgriha

Chairmanship: Mehakassaapa

Vice Chairman: Only In 4th Council 

Decisions:

Buddha’s teachings were divided into two parts (Pitakas)-

  1. Sutta Pitaka was recited (Sung) by Anand.
  2. Vinaya Pitaka was recited (Sung) by Upali.

Second Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 383 BC

King: Kalasoka of Shishunaga Dynasty

Venue: Vaishali

Chairmanship: Sabakamither

Vice Chairman: 

Decisions:

Followers (Monks) from Vaishali and Awanti were devided into two parts (sects) because of “Ten Rules” because these Ten rules were considered opposite to Buddha’s Rule by Vaishali.

The were divided in Sthavirmadins (Later Hinayana sect) and Mahasanghikas (Later Mahayana Sect)

Third Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 250 BC

King: Ashoka

Venue: Pataliputra

Chairmanship: Mogaliputta Tissa

Vice Chairman: 

Decisions:

In this the third part of the Tripitaka was coded in the Pali language. 

Ashoka decided to punish who are dividing Buddhism

Abhidhamma Pitaka was compiled in this council

Fourth Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 72 AD

King:  Kanishka

Venue: Kashmir (Kundalvan)

Chairmanship: Vasumitra

Vice Chairman: Ashwagosha

Decisions:

A book named Vibhasha Shastra was written in this council but unfortunately, it is not available today.

The rise of Mahayana Sect.

Fifth Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 1871 AD

King: Mindon

Venue: Mandalay, Burma (now Myanmar)

Chairmanship: Theravada monks

Vice Chairman: —

 

Sixth Buddhist Council

Time/Period: 1954 AD

King: Kanishka

Venue: Kaba Aye in Yangoon, Burma (now Myanmar)

Sponsored By: Burmese Government

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