Communalism and India/Communalism vs India

मंदिर मस्जिद गुरूद्वारे में बाँट दिया भगवान को , धरती बांटी अम्बर बाँटा मत बांटो इंसान को |

Every individual wants to rule but some get success which can be count on fingers because maybe they are best  and those who have ruled, they done it because maybe they were best in their job.

Now the questions arise that what they did to become best? Were they right/wrong?

For just example after 1870 when British realize that they can not rule if unity lies there in India because Hindu, Muslim, Parsi, Sikh and other fighting together against them and asking for their rights then they decided to follow the policy called communalism.

Before we discuss the growth of communalism in modern India, it is perhaps useful to define the term and point to certain basic fallacies regarding it. Communalism is basically an ideology with which we have lived so long that it appears to be a simple, easily understood notion. But this is, perhaps, not so.

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Communalism or communal ideology consists of three basic elements or stages, one following the other. First, it is the belief that people who follow the same religion have common secular interests, that is, common political, economic, social and cultural interests. This is the first bedrock of communal ideology. From this arises the notion of socio-political communities based on religion. It is these religion-based communities, and not classes, nationalities, linguistic-cultural groups, nations or such politicoterritorial units as provinces or states that are seen as the fundamental units of Indian society.

The Indian people, it is believed, can act socially aid politically and protect their collective or corporate or non-individual interests only as members of these religion-based communities. These different communities are alleged to have their own leaders. Those who t.al of being national, regional, or class leaders are merely masquerading; beneath the mask they are only leaders of their own communities. The best they can do is to unite as communal leaders and then serve the wider category of the nation or country.

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The second clement of communal ideology rests on the notion that in multi-religious society like India, the secular interests, that is the social, cultural, economic and political interests, of the followers of one religion are dissimilar and divergent from the interests of the followers of another.

The third stage of communalism is reached when the interests of the followers of different religions or of different ‘communities’ are seen to be mutually incompatible, antagonistic and hostile. Thus, the communalist asserts this stage that Hindus and Muslims can not have. Common secular interests, that their secular interests are bound to be opposed to each other.

Communalism is, therefore, basically and above all an ideology on which communal politics is based. Communal violence is a conjunctural consequence of communal ideology. Similarly, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian communalisms are not very different from each other; they belong to a single species; they are varieties of the same communal ideology.

a

Communal ideology in a person, party or movement starts with the first stage. Many nationalists fell prey to it or thought within its digits even while rejecting the two other elements of communalism. That is, the notion of the mutual divergence or hostility of the interests of different. Religion- based communities. These were the persons who saw themselves as Nationalist Hindus, Nationalist Muslims, Nationalist Sikhs, etc., and not as simple nationalists.

Now if we conclude then we can find the ideology of communalism is. Harmful for any country including India and the reason of adopting “Secular” word in preamble and people are given. “Rights to Religion” as a fundamental right is to prevent such ideology.

Read next: “Why fundamental rights in our constitution?…Why we have fundamental rights??”

Communalism and India/Communalism vs India

मंदिर मस्जिद गुरूद्वारे में बाँट दिया भगवान को , धरती बांटी अम्बर बाँटा मत बांटो इंसान को |

Every individual wants to rule but some get success which can be count on fingers because maybe they are best  and those who have ruled, they done it because maybe they were best in their job.

Now the questions arise that what they did to become best? Were they right/wrong?

For just example after 1870 when British realize that they can not rule if unity lies there in India because Hindu, Muslim, Parsi, Sikh and other fighting together against them and asking for their rights then they decided to follow the policy called communalism.

Before we discuss the growth of communalism in modern India, it is perhaps useful to define the term and point to certain basic fallacies regarding it. Communalism is basically an ideology with which we have lived so long that it appears to be a simple, easily understood notion. But this is, perhaps, not so.

a

Communalism or communal ideology consists of three basic elements or stages, one following the other. First, it is the belief that people who follow the same religion have common secular interests, that is, common political, economic, social and cultural interests. This is the first bedrock of communal ideology. From this arises the notion of socio-political communities based on religion.

The Indian people, it is believed, can act socially aid politically and protect their. Collective or corporate or non-individual interests only as members of these religion-based communities. Those who t.al of being national, regional, or class leaders are merely masquerading; beneath the mask they are only leaders of their own communities. The best they can do is to unite as communal leaders and then serve the. Wider category of the nation or country.

a

The second clement of communal ideology rests on the notion that in multi-religious society like India, the secular interests. That is the social, cultural, economic and political interests, of the followers of. One religion are dissimilar and divergent from the interests of the followers of another. Thus, the communalist asserts this stage that Hindus and Muslims can not have.

Communal violence is a conjunctural consequence of communal ideology. Similarly, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian communalisms are not very different from each other; they belong to a single species; they are varieties of the same communal ideology.

a

Communal ideology in a person, party or movement starts with the first stage. Many nationalists fell prey to it or thought within its digits even while rejecting the two other elements of communalism. That is, the notion of the mutual divergence or hostility of the interests of different. Religion- based communities. These were the persons who saw themselves as Nationalist Hindus, Nationalist Muslims, Nationalist Sikhs, etc., and not as simple nationalists.

Now if we conclude then we can find the ideology of communalism is.

Read next: “Why fundamental rights in our constitution?…Why we have fundamental rights??”