Constitution of India || Page 1

THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

PREAMBLE

PART I

THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

  1. Name and territory of the Union
  1. Admission or establishment of new States

2A.   [Repealed.]

  1. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States
  1. Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters

PART II

CITIZENSHIP

  1. Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution
  1. Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan
  1. Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan
  1. Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India
  1. Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens
  1. Continuance of the rights of citizenship
  1. Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law



PART III

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

General

  1. Definition
  1. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights

Right to Equality

  1. Equality before law
  1. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
  1. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
  1. Abolition of Untouchability
  1. Abolition of titles

Right to Freedom

Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc

  1. Protection in respect of conviction for offences
  1. Protection of life and personal liberty

21A.   Right to education

  1. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

Right against Exploitation

  1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
  1. Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc

Right to  Freedom of Religion

  1. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
  1. Freedom to manage religious affairs
  1. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
  1. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions

Cultural and Educational Rights

  1. Protection of interests of minorities
  1. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational

institutions

  1. [Repealed.]

Saving of Certain Laws

31A.   Saving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc

31B.   Validation of certain Acts and Regulations

31C.   Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles

31D.   [Repealed.]

Right to Constitutional Remedies

  1. Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part

32A.   [Repealed.]

  1. Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces, etc
  1. Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
  2. Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part



PART IV

DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

  1. Definition
  2. Application of the principles contained in this Part
  1. State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people
  1. Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State

39A.   Equal justice and free legal aid

  1. Organisation of village panchayats
  1. Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
  1. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
  1. Living wage, etc., for workers

43A.   Participation of workers in management of industries

  1. Uniform civil code for the citizens
  1. Provision for free and compulsory education for children
  1. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes,

Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections

  1. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of

living and to improve public health

  1. Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry

48A.   Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life

  1. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance
  1. Separation of judiciary from executive
  1. Promotion of international peace and security

    PART IV A

    FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

    51A.   Fundamental duties

    PART V

    THE UNION

    CHAPTER I.—THE EXECUTIVE

    The President and Vice-President

  2. The President of India
  3. Executive power of the Union
  4. Election of President
  5. Manner of election of President
  6. Term of office of President
  7. Eligibility for re-election
  8. Qualifications for election as President
  9. Conditions of President’s office
  10. Oath or affirmation by the President
  11. Procedure for impeachment of the President
  12. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
  13. The Vice-President of India
  14. The Vice-President to be ex officio Chairman of the Council of States
  15. The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence, of President
  16. Election of Vice-President
  17. Term of office of Vice-President
  18. Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
    1. Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President
    1. Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies
    1. Matters relating to, or connected with, the election of a President or Vice-President
    1. Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
    1. Extent of executive power of the Union
  19. Council of Ministers
    1. Council of Ministers to aid and advise President
    1. Other provisions as to Ministers

    The Attorney-General for India

    1. Attorney-General for India

    Conduct of Government Business

    1. Conduct of business of the Government of India
    1. Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc

    CHAPTER II.—PARLIAMENT

    General

    1. Constitution of Parliament
    1. Composition of the Council of States
    1. Composition of the House of the People
    1. Readjustment after each census
    1. Duration of Houses of Parliament
    1. Qualification for membership of Parliament
    1. Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution
    1. Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
    1. Special address by the President
    1. Rights of Ministers and Attorney-General as respects Houses
    2. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States
    1. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the office of Deputy

    Chairman

    1. Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties

    of the office of, or to act as, Chairman

    1. The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a

    resolution for his removal from office is under consideration

    1. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
    1. Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker

    and Deputy Speaker

    1. Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties

    of the office of, or to act as, Speaker

    1. The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a

    resolution for his removal from office is under consideration

    1. Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and

    the Speaker and Deputy Speaker

    1. Secretariat of Parliament

    Conduct of Business

    1. Oath or affirmation by members
    1. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies

    and quorum