Part-1 INDIAN CONSTITUTION: AT A GLANCE

Part-1 INDIAN CONSTITUTION: AT A GLANCE

Part I : Union and its Territory

Article 1: Name & territory of Union.

Art. 2: Admission of new Sates.

Art. 2A: (Repealed).

Art. 3: Formation of new States & alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.

Art. 4: Laws made under article 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters. 

Part II : Citizenship

Art. 5 : Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.

Art. 6 : Citizenship right of certain persons who migrated to India from Pakistan.

Art. 7 : Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.

Art. 8: Rights of citizenship of persons of Indian origin residing outside India.

Art. 9 : Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign state not to be citizens.

Art. 10: Continuance of the rights of citizenship.

Art. 11: Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

Part III : Fundamental Rights

Art. 12 : General Definition (For the word ” the State”).

Art. 13 : Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

Right to Equality

Art. 14 : Equality before law.

Art. 15 : No discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Art. 16 : Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Art. 17 : Abolition of Untouchability.

Art. 18 : Abolition of titles.

Right to Freedom

Art. 19 : Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc.

Art. 20 : Protection in respect of conviction for offences.

Art. 21 : Protection of life & personal liberty.

Art. 22 : Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Art. 23 : Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.

Art. 24 : Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc.

Right to Freedom of Religion

Art. 25 : Freedom of conscience & free profession, practice & propagation of religion.

Art. 26 : Freedom to manage religious affairs.

Art. 27 : Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.

Art. 28 : Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.

Cultural and Educational Rights

Art. 29 : Protection of minorities’ interests.

Art. 30 : Right of minorities to establish and administer education of institutions.

Art. 31 : [Repealed].

Saving of Certain Laws

Art. 31 A : Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates etc.

Art. 31 B : Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.

Art. 31 C : Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.

Art. 31 D : [Repealed].

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Art. 32 : Remedies for enforcement of right conferred by this Part.

Art. 32 A : [Repealed].

Art. 33 : Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to forces, etc.

Art. 34 : Restriction of rights conferred by this part while martial law in any area.

Art. 35 : Legislation to give effect to the provision of this part.

Part IV : Directive Principles of State Policy

Art. 36 : Definition

Art. 37 : Application of the principles contained in this Part. Art. 38 : State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.

Art. 39 : Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.

Art. 39 A : Equal justice & free legal aid.

Art. 40 : Organisation of village panchayats.

Art. 41: Rights to work, to education & to public assistance in certain cases.

Art. 42 : Provision for just & humane conditions of work and maternity relief.

Art. 43 : Living wage etc. for workers.

Art. 43 A : Participation of workers in management of industries.

Art. 44 : Uniform Civil Code for the citizens.

Art. 45 : Provision for free & compulsory education for children.

Art. 46 : Promotion of educational & eco. interests of SCs, STs & OBCs.

Art. 47 : Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition & the standard of living & to improve public health.

Art. 48 : Organisation of agriculture & animal husbandry.

Art. 48 A : Protection & improvement of environment, forests & wild life.

Art. 49 : Protection of monuments & places & objects of national importance.

Art. 50 : Separation of judiciary.

Art. 51 : Promotion of international peace. 

Part IV A : Fundamental Duties

Art. 51A: Ten Fundamental Duties were incorporated through the 42nd Amendment, 1976.

 Part V : The Union

Chapter I : The Executive

President and Vice- President

Art. 52 : The President of India.

Art. 53 : Executive power of the Union.

Art. 54 : Election of President.

Art. 55 : Manner of election of President.

Art. 56 : Term of office of President.

Art. 57 : Eligibility for re-election.

Art. 58 : Qualification for President.

Art. 59 : Conditions of President’s office.

Art. 60 : Oath or affirmation of President.

Art. 61: Impeachment procedure of the President.

Art. 62 : Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President & the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.

Art. 63 : The Vice-President of India.

Art. 64 : The Vice- President to be ex- officio chairman of the Council of States.

Art. 65 : The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence of President.

Art. 66 : Election of Vice-President.

Art. 67 : Term of office of Vice-President.

Art. 68 : Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.

Art. 70 : Discharge of President’s function in other contigencies.

Art. 71 : Matters relating to/connected with, the election of President or Vice- President.

Art. 72 : Power of President to grant pardon, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases.

Art. 73 : Extent of executive power of Union.

Council of Ministers

Art. 74 : Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.

Art. 75 : Other provisions as to Ministers.

Attorney – General for India

Art. 76 : Attorney – General for India.

Conduct of Government Business

Art. 77 : Conduct of business of the Government of India.

Art. 78 : Duties of P. M. as respects the furnishing of information to the President.