Slum Population in India Census 2011 shows the bitter truth of inequality. According to Census 2011, approx 17% of urban India lives in slums. Here are some crucial facts from census 2011.
Slum Population in India Census 2011
- Nearly one in every six urban Indian residents lives in a slum. The new numbers are significantly lower than the slum growth that had been projected for India.
- Roughly 1.37 crore households, or 17.4% of urban Indian households lived in a slum in 2011.
- The new data is difficult to compare with previous years, because the 2011 Census covers all 4,041 statutory towns in India, as compared to 2001 when only statutory towns with population over 20,000 were covered.
- The 2001 data had set India’s slum population at 15% of the total population.
- With the exception of sanitation, the indicators on housing amenities for slum and nonslum households in most of India are more similar than most would expect. Over 77% are permanent and 70% are owned, and not rented. Close to half are made up of just one room and most are home to one married couple.
- Over 70% of slum households get their water from a tap but just half get water inside their homes. Over 90% get electricity and most use LPG for cooking; 70% have a TV and 10% even a computer.
- More than one in five urban households in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Maharashtra lives in a slum. In absolute terms, Maharashtra has the highest number of slum blocks of any state – over 21,000 out of a total of just over 1 lakh for the whole country.
- Over a third of India’s slum population lives in its 46 million-plus cities. Of the metros, Mumbai has the highest proportion of slum-dwelling households (41.3% of its population). Kolkata is next at nearly 30% with Chennai not far behind. Delhi has 14.6% of its households living in slums while Bangalore is the best off of the five metros at less than 10%.
- City Proportion of slum households (%) Greater Mumbai 41.3 Kolkata 29.6 Chennai 28.5 Delhi 14.6 Bengaluru 8.5.
Read Complete Analysis Here: Slums and Deprivation in Urban Areas