Technology in the Industrial Revolution

In this post, we are discussing technology in the industrial revolution. All important aspects are there in this post.


Technology in the Industrial Revolution

The most famous inventions were as follows. For the textile industry, most significant were Kay’s Flying Shuttle (1733), which increased the pace of weaving, Arkwright’s Spinning Jenny (1769), and later more innovations revolutionized spinning, i.e. Crompton’s “mule” of 1779 Arkwright’s water frame of 1785 and (for weaving), Cartwright’s Power Loom of 1785. In the coal and iron industry, the development of coke by Abraham Darby (1709) and the use of “pudding’  and hammering by Cort.

The innovations, on the other hand, in the case of coke, altered the quality of coal, while other innovations permitted the quick removal of impurities. The application of steam power to production through the Newcomen Engine (1705-

06) and, more significantly, James Watt’s engines allowed the running of large wooden and metal machines. The innovations led to economies in various aspects of production. Such innovation also gave the entrepreneur greater flexibility.

Crucial for the iron industry was the process which allowed the production of steel, a more tensile and malleable product than iron. This was the consequence of Henry Bessemer’s innovation of 1856 whereby air blasts at the bottom of masses of molten metal reduced the carbon content of iron, producing steel: a process which was perfected further by Sir William Siemens and Pierre Martin (1866) in the open hearth process.

Technology in the Industrial Revolution, Technology in the Industrial Revolution, Technology in the Industrial Revolution, Technology in the Industrial Revolution
Technology in the Industrial Revolution, Technology in the Industrial Revolution

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