The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga

In this post, we are discussing The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga. All important aspects are there in this post.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord:

By 1775, colonial resentment toward Britain had become a desire for rebellion. Many  cities and towns organized volunteer militias of “minutemen”-named for their alleged ability to prepare for combat at the drop of a hat-who began to drill openly in public  common  areas. On April 19, 1775, a British Commander dispatched troops to seize an arsenal of colonial militia weapons stored in Concord, Massachusetts. Militiamen from nearby Lexington intercepted them and opened fire. Eight Americans died as the British sliced through them and moved on to Concord. The British arrived in Concord only to be ambushed by the Concord militia. The “shot heard round the world”—or the first shot of many that defeated the British troops at Concord-sent a ripple throughout the colonies, Europe, and the rest of the  world.  The  British  retreated  to  Boston after  town,   Virginia.

more than 270 soldiers in their unit were killed, compared to fewer than 100 Americans. The conflict became known as the Battle of Lexington and Concord. The minutemen’s victory encouraged patriots to redouble their efforts and at the same time convinced King George III to commit military forces to crushing the rebellion. Almost immediately, thousands of colonialists set up camp around Boston, laying siege to the British position. The battle initiated a chain of events, starting with the militia siege of Boston and the Second Continental Congress, that kicked the  Revolutionary  War  into  high gear.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga, The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga

The Battle of Saratoga:

After numerous battles, the turning point in the war came in 1777 at the Battle of Saratoga in upstate New York. When American forces won, their victory encouraged France to pledge its support for the United States in the Franco- American Alliance of 1778. A year later, Spain followed suit and also entered the war against Britain. Spain, hoping to see Britain driven out of North America, had tacitly supported the Americans by providing them with munitions and supplies since the beginning of the war. Their entry as combatants took pressure off the Americans, as Britain was forced to divert troops to fight the Spanish elsewhere. Finally, Holland entered the war against Britain in 1780. Though the war went on for several years, American popular support for it, especially after France and Spain entered the fray, remained high. The motivation for rebellion remained strong at all levels of society, not merely among American military and political leaders. French and Spanish assistance certainly helped the Americans, but without the grassroots support of average Americans, the rebellion would have quickly collapsed.

Fortified by the Franco-American Alliance, the Americans maintained an impasse with the British until 1781, when the Americans laid siege to a large encampment of British forces under  Lord Cornwallis at Yo Scattered battles persisted until 1783, but the British, weary of the stalemate, decided to negotiate peace.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga, The Battle of Lexington and Concord & The Battle of Saratoga

This article is a part of World History Notes. Click me and jump to the main page.

Leave a Reply